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Outline of the 2004 Survey
1 Objective of the Survey
The Survey on Service Industries aims to obtain data on the distribution of establishments engaged in service industries by fundamental attribute, matters of accounting and actual condition of business, for the whole of Japan and for each prefecture in order to provide basic data for national and local policy planning.
2 Legal Basis of the Survey
Designated Statistics No.117 under the Statistics Law (Law No.18, 1947) is to be made by this survey.
It was undertaken in accordance with the rules of the Survey on Service Industries, which were enacted by the Prime Minister's Office Order (Order No.20, April, 1989).
3 Date of the Survey
The survey was carried out as of 1 June 2004. (The first survey was carried out as of 1 September 1989, the second as of 1 November 1994, the third survey as of 15 November 1999, and this survey was the fourth.)
4 Area of the Survey
The survey covered all areas throughout Japan.
5 Coverage of the Survey
The 2004 Survey covered industries classified into the groups designated by the Japan Standard Industrial Classification (the eleventh revision), as shown below.
Division H - Information and communications
41 Video picture, sound information, character information production and distribution
Note: Only the following minor group industry was included.
415 Services incidental to video picture, sound information, character information production and distribution
Division L - Real estate
69 Real estate lessors and managers
Division M - Eating and drinking places, accommodations
70 General eating and drinking places
Division N - Medical, health care and welfare
73 Medical and other health services
Note: Only the following minor group industries were included.
734 Maternity clinics and nursing
735 Other health practitioners
736 Services incidental to medical
74 Public health and hygiene
75 Social insurance and social welfare
Division O - Education, learning support
77 Miscellaneous education, learning support
Division P - Compound services
79 Cooperative associations, n.e.c.
Division Q - Services, n.e.c
80 Professional services, n.e.c.
81 Scientific and development research institutes
82 Laundry, beauty and bath services
83 Miscellaneous living-related and personal services
Note: Only the following minor group industry was excluded.
832 Domestic services
84 Services for amusement and hobbies
85 Waste disposal business
86 Automobile maintenance services
87 Machine, etc. repair services, except otherwise classified
88 Goods rental and leasing
90 Miscellaneous business services
91 Political, business and cultural organizations
93 Miscellaneous services
About 430,000 establishments were selected by means of the following.
(a) Existing establishments
All establishments engaging 30 or more persons and that existed at the time of the 2001 and 2004 Establishment and Enterprise Census were surveyed. In addition, establishments engaging fewer than 30 persons that were selected at the sampling ratio by prefecture and industry (minor groups) were surveyed.
(b) New establishments
All new establishments engaging 30 or more persons and that were established after the 2001 Establishment and Enterprise Census were surveyed in designated enumeration districts, and sampled at a ratio of 1:6.
6 Survey items
(1) Name of the establishment
(2) Address of the establishment
(3) Type of legal organization
(4) Head or branch office
(5) Opening year of the establishment
(6) Number of persons engaged in the establishment
(7) Category of business activities of the establishment
(8) Capital etc.
(9) Type of opening
(10) Income (annual)
(11) Ratio of incomes by business or activity
(12) Ratio of incomes by other parties
(13) Expenses (annual)
(14) Wages and salaries (annual)
(15) Equipment investment (annual) (The expenses for acquiring land are excluded)
7 Method of the Surv
As a general rule, the survey was conducted through the following channel.
Minister of Internal Affairs and Communications---Governors of prefectural governments--- Heads of municipalities---Supervisors---Enumerators---Establishments
Enumeration was completed in such a manner that the enumerators who cover the enumeration areas delivered questionnaires to the establishments and collected questionnaires, which were filled out by the designated persons of the establishments.
8 Tabulation and Estimation method of results
The National Statistics Center made up the tabulation of this survey.
Numeric results are estimated by ratio estimation by benchmark, by number of establishments in the 2004 Establishment and Enterprise Census by prefecture, minor industry group, and type of legal organization.
9 Announcement of the result
As for the report of the result of basic survey of service sector, Results for Japan, Results for Regions and Summary Report were published.