Main contents start here
Summary of Results (2022)
Results of the Survey of Research and Development
Japan's total expenditure on R&D during fiscal year (FY) 2021 stood at 19.74 trillion yen, a 2.6 percent increase from the previous fiscal year. This is the first increase in two years.
Expenditure on R&D as a percentage of GDP was 3.59 percent, a 0.01 percentage point increase from the previous fiscal year.
Intramural expenditures on R&D by selected objective (3 fields)
R&D funds spent in the three areas positioned by the Japanese government as fundamental technologies to be strategically addressed were 174.4 billion yen for AI, 248.2 billion yen for biotechnology, and 116.8 billion yen for quantum technology.
Looking at R&D funds spent on expenditures on R&D by selected objective and research sector, those for AI and biotechnology are mostly spent by Business Enterprises, while those for quantum technology are mostly spent by Non-Profit Institutions and Public Organizations.
As of 31 March 2022, the total number of researchers is 908,300, a 2.0 percent increase from the previous year. It has increased for six consecutive years, making the highest ever.
The R&D expenditures in FY2021 per researcher was ¥21.73 million, a 0.6% increase from the previous fiscal year.
The number of female researchers is 175,400 and accounts for 17.8 percent of the total researchers. This figure is the highest ever.