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A Quick Reference to the Statistics Bureau, the Director-General for Policy Planning (Statistical Standards) and the Statistical Research and Training Institute (2017)
Table of Contents
Statistical System in Japan
Statistical Organizations in Japan
The statistical system of the Japanese government is decentralized, in that, while the Statistics Bureau conducts fundamental censuses and statistical surveys, other relevant ministries produce statistics for their own policy purposes.
The Director-General for Policy Planning (Statistical Standards) is responsible for coordinating the statistical activities of different ministries.
(1) Statistics Commission
- Advisory body of statistical administration
(2) Director-General for Policy Planning (Statistical Standards)
- Coordination of the statistical activities of different ministries
Planning and promotion of basic statistical matters / Examination and coordination of censuses and statistical surveys / Coordination and compilation of national input-output tables / Establishment of statistical standards / Improvement of statistics survey environment / Coordinating international statistical activities
(3) Statistics Bureau
- Planning and implementation of fundamental official statistics
- Dissemination of statistical information
- International cooperation in statistical techniques
(4) National Statistics Center
- Tabulation of fundamental national statistics
- Provision for both public and private stakeholders to make and use infrastructures for official statistics
- Assistance in the preparation of statistical information by the national government entities as well as local government and public entities
(5) Statistical Research and Training Institute
- Implementation of comprehensive statistical research
- Provision of statistical training
Points of official statistical system
Statistical survey conducted by national government
The term "statistical surveys" as used in the Statistics Act means surveys conducted by administrative organs, etc. by requesting individuals or juridical persons, or other organizations to report facts for the purpose of producing statistics. There are two types of Statistical Surveys which Japanese government organizations conduct. They are Fundamental Statistical Surveys and General Statistical Surveys.
Statistics compiled by national administrative organs undergo clearance individually by the Minister of Internal Affairs and Communications, as before, aiming to reduce the reporting burden by eliminating duplication among statistical surveys, etc.
Important statistics, compiled by national administrative organs, are identified as Fundamental Statistics and developed systematically as the core of the statistical system. Fundamental Statistics such as "Population Census" and "National Accounts (so-called SNA)" and so on are specified in the Statistics Act. There are 56 Fundamental Statistics as of April 2017.
It is necessary for fundamental statistical surveys that produce fundamental statistics to create high accuracy statistics and there are special provisions as follows.
- Obligation to Report
- Prohibition of Impersonating Fundamental Statistical Survey
- Implementation of statistical surveys through local governments
Censuses and Statistical Surveys
The Statistics Bureau of the Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications (MIC) is responsible for Japan's fundamental censuses and statistical surveys.
The Population Census and the Economic Census form the core of the system of official statistics. The Population Census covers all the people living in Japan, clarifies the status of population and households, and has been conducted every five years starting in 1920.
Objectives of the Economic Census are to identify the actual situation of business activities of establishments and enterprises as well as identifying the comprehensive industrial structure in Japan. This Census is composed of the "Economic Census for Business Frame" which grasps their basic characteristics, and the "Economic Census for Business Activity" which clarifies their economic activity. The 2nd "Economic Census for Business Frame" was conducted in 2014 and the 2nd "Economic Census for Business Activity" was conducted in 2016.
Official statistics compiled from the Population Census and the Economic Census are used by the central and local governments to reflect them in planning and monitoring their policies. They are also widely used by the private sector, research institutes and academia.
The Bureau also compiles and publishes fundamental monthly statistics based on sample surveys: the Labour Force Survey providing current employment and unemployment statistics, the Family Income and Expenditure Survey providing statistics on household accounts, and the Consumer Price Index based on the Retail Price Survey.
Statistics Produced by the Statistics Bureau
- Population Census (quinquennial)
- Report on Internal Migration in Japan (monthly)
- Population Estimates (monthly)
HOUSING & LAND
- Housing and Land Survey (quinquennial)
EMPLOYMENT & UNEMPLOYMENT
- Labour Force Survey (monthly)
- Employment Status Survey (quinquennial)
- Survey on Time Use and Leisure Activities (quinquennial)
ESTABLISHMENTS & ENTERPRISES
- Economic Census for Business Frame (quinquennial)
- Economic Census for Business Activity (quinquennial)
- Unincorporated Enterprise Survey (quarterly, annual)
- Monthly Survey on Service Industries (monthly, annual)
RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT
- Survey of Research and Development (annual)
- Family Income and Expenditure Survey (monthly)
- Survey of Household Economy (monthly)
- National Survey of Family Income and Expenditure (quinquennial)
- Retail Price Survey (monthly)
- Consumer Price Index (monthly)
- Grid Square Statistics
The results of these three are reported monthly at the Cabinet Meetings by the Minister
Process of Producing Statistics
Dissemination of Statistical Information
The Statistics Bureau, the central organization in the official statistical system, focuses on dissemination of statistical information, advanced use of statistical data, and familiarization of statistical literacy, based on the idea that statistics is the information platform for the society.
It promotes various strategic initiatives for dissemination of statistical information through "Portal Site of Official Statistics of Japan (e-Stat)," a website, the News Bulletin (an email newsletter) and so on.
Portal Site of Official Statistics of Japan (e-Stat)
Website of the Statistics Bureau
Statistics for Beginners - Online Course for Government Officials -
International Cooperation in Statistics
The Statistics Bureau conducts various international cooperation activities, such as hosting international statistical conferences, sending statistical experts to other countries, and inviting trainees in response to requests from foreign countries and international organizations. The Bureau contributes to promoting international cooperation through these activities.
Technical cooperation programs
The Bureau sends statistical experts to other countries for extended periods on a request basis for technical cooperation, for example, for a country's Population Census. Experts have been sent to Mexico, Indonesia, Sri Lanka, the Philippines, Argentina, Myanmar, Cambodia, Nepal, Egypt, etc., in approximate chronological order.
The Bureau also invites trainees in response to requests from foreign countries and international organizations, and gives lectures for them.
Project on Capacity Development for the Implementation of Economic Census 2018 in Nepal
Hosting international statistical conferences
The Bureau occasionally hosts international statistical conferences. Since 1980, the Bureau has hosted the East Asian Statistical Conference (EASC), mostly in Japan, at intervals of two or three years.
Also, the Bureau promotes exchanging of information and views from an international perspective by hosting international symposiums and expert meetings such as the Ottawa Group on Price Indices in 2015 and the 25th Meeting of the Wiesbaden Group on Business Registers in 2016.
25th Meeting of the Wiesbaden Group on Business Registers
The Bureau has been promoting exchanges of statistical missions with China and Korea almost every year. It has been regularly exchanging missions with China since 1980 and with Korea since 1982.
Also, the Bureau signed the Memorandum of Cooperation with Vietnam on January 2015, and with Mongolia on February 2017 to establish the basis for in-depth cooperation.
Signing of the Memorandum of Cooperation between the SBJ and the NSO of Mongolia
Receiving visitors from abroad
The Bureau welcomes overseas statistical missions visiting Japan for specific purposes, and provides them with information and data as requested.
The Bureau receives more than 100 international visitors every year, and exchanges information and views on the statistical methods, as well as the technologies involved in censuses and statistical surveys.
The Visitors from the 8th International Workshop on Analysis of Micro Data of Official Statistics
Statistical Research and Training Institute
The Statistical Research and Training Institute (SRTI) was established in the following year of the first Population Census (1921) as the Statistics Staff Training Institute within the Census Office (Kokusei-in).
As the utilization of statistics in each administrative area had been promoted after the World War II, the SRTI opened its statistical training courses to all personnel of national and local governments. After several organizational changes, the SRTI was designated as an independent educational institution of the Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications in April 2003.
Since April 2017, the SRTI has conducted research on statistical techniques.
Statistical Research Activities
The SRTI has mainly conducted the following research:
- Collection, organization and research for information on Big Data
- Collection and research for information on statistical techniques common to national governments
- Technical cooperation in response to requests from national and local governments
- Research activities on advanced usage of statistics and other various research activities such as joint-research projects with universities and private companies, in collaboration with the guest researchers and external experts
The Institute provides various statistical training courses for the personnel of national and local governments and government-affiliated organizations with the aim of imparting statistical knowledge and skills.
The Institute has started providing an online training course titled "Statistics for Beginners -Online Course for Government Officials-" to the world on YouTube.
As of October 1, 2015, the total population in Japan was 127,094,745.
In the population in 1920, the population pyramid of Japan was shaped like Mt. Fuji, with a broad base of younger people. But due to the declining number of live births and the growing proportion of elderly people, the population pyramid became pot-shaped in 2015.
Population Pyramid (1920, 2015)
As of July 1, 2014, the total number of establishments in Japan was 5,927 thousand, and the number of persons engaged was 61,789 thousand.
By industrial division, "wholesale and retail trade" represents the largest number of establishments at 1,407 thousand (24.7% of all industries), followed by "accommodations, eating and drinking services" representing 728 thousand establishments (12.8%), and "construction" representing 515 thousand establishments (9.1%).
By industrial division, "wholesale and retail trade" represents the largest number of persons engaged at 12,033 thousand (19.5% of all industries), followed by "manufacturing" representing 9,189 thousand (14.9%), and "medical, healthcare and welfare" representing 7,932 thousand (12.8%).
Number of establishments and number of persons engaged by industrial classification (2014)
Transportation and Access Map
Statistics Bureau, Director-General for Policy Planning (Statistical Standards)
19-1 Wakamatsu-cho, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 162-8668 Japan
Website (Statistics Bureau): http://www.stat.go.jp/english/index.htm
Website (Director-General for Policy Planning (Statistical Standards)): http://www.soumu.go.jp/english/dgpp_ss/index.htm
Toei Oedo Line (subway) 5-minute walk from "Wakamatsu-Kawada" Station
Tokyo Metro Tozai Line (subway) 15-minute walk from "Waseda" Station
Tokyo Metro Fukutoshin Line (subway) 15-minute walk from "Higashi-Shinjuku" Station
Bus from "JR Shin-Okubo" Station or "JR Okubo" Station
Board the Toei bus for "Iidabashi" Station (No.62) or "Shinbashi" Station (No. 63), and get off at "Kokuritsu Kokusai Iryo Kenkyu Center (National Center for Global Health and Medicine)" (10 minutes).
Statistical Research and Training Institute
2-11-16 Izumi-cho, Kokubunji-shi, Tokyo 185-0024 Japan
By RailJR Chuo Line or Musashino Line 6-minute walk from "Nishi-Kokubunji" Station
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