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Outline of the System of Social and Demographic Statistics of Japan

1. The System of Social and Demographic Statistics of Japan

The System of Social and Demographic Statistics of Japan is a system in which statistical data in a wide range of fields are collected, normalized and organized. The system describes the life of Japanese people in various fields. The purpose of the system is to provide basic data useful for various kinds of administrative programmes, policy-making and analysis of regional differences. It was started by the Statistics Bureau in fiscal 1976.

What is characteristic of the system is that the data are organized for each of prefectures (To, Do, Fu and Ken) and municipalities (Shi, Ku, Machi and Mura), thus enabling regional comparison and analysis.

2. Basic Data collected in the System

In the system, basic data are collected in 13 fields from "A. Population and Households" to "M.Daily Time", as listed in the Contents. The number of basic data is 2,870 for prefectures, 740 for Shi and Ku, and 720 for Shi, Ku, Machi and Mura (as of Fiscal Year 2015).

3. Compilation of the System

The system is compiled by the following process:

(1) Determination of basic data to be collected
(2) Collection of basic data
      - Statistical Data quoted from report books and computer readable media
      - Business Data from organizations (Collected by the Statistics Bureau)

4. Dissemination of the Data of the System

Data organized in the system are provided in computer readable media and publications.

(1) Computer readable media

  • Basic Data by prefecture (CD-R, etc. time series from 1975)
  • Basic Data by municipality (CD-R, etc. time series from 1980)
  • Data in "Social Indicators by Prefecture" (CD-R, etc.)
  • Data in "Statistical Observations of Prefectures" (CD-R, etc.)
  • Data in "Social Observations of Shi, Ku, Machi, Mura" (CD-R, etc.)

(2) Publications

  • Social Indicators by Prefecture (2016 edition)(bilingual, published annually; 596 social indicators and 560 basic data)
  • Statistical Observations of Prefectures (2016 edition)(in Japanese only, published annually; 444 social indicators (due in the end of February 2016)
  • Social Observations of Shi, Ku, Machi, Mura(2015 edition)(in Japanese only, published annually;100 basic data of Shi, Ku, Machi and Mura)

5. References

(1) The Organization and the Use of the System of Social and Demographic Statistics of Japan: March 2001, Statistics Bureau, Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications

(2) Definition of Items of the System of Social and Demographic Statistics of Japan: January 2005, Statistics Bureau, Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications

((1)-(2) are in Japanese only)

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