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Employment Status Survey

1997 Employment Stantus Survey Summary of results

  1. Employee
  2. Changed a job, left a job
  3. Working persons who want to change a job
  4. People who are not working, but desire for work
  5. Economic activity of wives

Main Statistical Tables   e-Stat

Notes on the Statistical Tables

(1) Figures may not add up totals because figures are rounded or totals are inclusive of unclassifiable.

(2) "0" or "0.0" indicates that the figure is less than half of the given unit.

(3) "-" indicates that the figures are not applicable.

 1. Employee

During past 5 years, increase in female dispatched workers.

  • The form of employment of the 54,997,000 employees in Japan comprises 38,542,000 regular staff, 6,998,800 part-timers, 3,344,000 side workers (arubaito), 966,000 contracted part-timers(shokutaku), etc., and 257,000 dispatched workers by worker dispatching undertaking.
  • Since 1992 the 1,031,000 increase in part-timers, and 830,000 increase in side workers (arubaito) have been large. Within the 480,000 increase in regular staff, the number of females dispatched workers by worker dispatching undertaking, has decreased by 207,000. Moreover, of the 204,000 females constitute an increase of 114,000 since 1992.

- Explanation of terms: Status in employment and form of employment

Number of Employees by sex, form of employment

 2. Changed a job, left a job

Re-employment rate falls below 50%.

  • Of the employee, 2,911,000 were "Changed a job" who had a different job the year before. People recently out of work, those had a job a the year before but were currently not in work, numbered ,379,000.
    Compared with 1992, there were 75,000 fewer "Changed a job" and 759,000 more people recently out of work.
  • Reaching 6,290,000, since 1992, the combined total for "Left a job", people who were working one year previously up but who had given up their job since then, "Changed a job", and the recently out of work increased by 684,000.
  • For "Left a job", the re-employment rate (the proportion of the total number of "Left a job" who were in new jobs) was 46.3%, a 7-point decrease from 53.3% in 1992 and a decline to less than 50%.
  • Compared with 1992, the biggest declines the re-employment rate calculated according to reason for leaving the previous job were: 9.6 points down for loss of job due to redundancy, company going out of business, or bankruptcy (49.5% re-employment); 8.7 points down for bad working conditions (64%); and 8.4 points down for retirement (22%), etc.

- Explanation of terms: Change in employment since previous year

Number and rate of persons changed a job, left a job by sex

The reemployment rate by reason for leaving the previous job

 3. Working persons who want to change a job

For the first time, more than 10% want to change job.

  • Of the 67,003,000 in work, 7,146,000, or 10.7%, want to change job. This 1.2 points more than the figure of 9.5% in 1992. It is the first time that the figure has exceeded 10%.

Number and rate of working persons by sex, desire for work

  • The most common reason, totaling 1,714,000 cases, for wanting to change job was "low salary", followed by 1,581,000 cases of "too demanding". The greatest increase since 1992 was 282,000 cases of "low salary", followed by 220,000 instances of "poor prospect".

- Explanation of terms: Desire to work

The number of persons wishing to change the job by reason for wishing to change the job

 4. People who are not working, but desire for work

Duration of job hunting becomes longer.

  • Of the 39,650,000 people who are not working, or 11,333,000, or 28.6%, want a job. Since 1992, proportion of non-working people who desire work increased by 2.9 more points overall and jumped 6.1 points for men.
  • Those wishing to work and actively seeking a job numbered 5,271,000, or 13.3% of people who were not working. This proportion went up by 3.0 points since 1992.
  • Of people actively seeking a job, 24.5% spent more than one year doing so and 38.4% less than three months. Since 1992, the figure for more than one year increased by 5.7 points, and the figure for less than three months declined by 6.0 points. With about one in four "Seeking a job" spending more than one year looking for work, the proportion long-term "Seeking a job" increased.

- Explanation of terms: Seeking a job

Number and rate of those who wish to work and those who seeking a job

Percentage distribution of seeking a job by duration of job seeking  

 5. Economic activity of wives

Employment rate low for wives in households without young children.

  • An analysis of the households of couple(s) with their child(ren) and three-generation households (18,365,000 households) with regard to the age of the youngest child reveals that the lowest employment rate for wives is 23.2% in the category in households with new-born children (less than 1 year old). As the age of the youngest child increases, the so does the employment rate of wives, reaching the highest rate of more than 70% in households with children aged from 12 to 17.

Rate of wife having a job by age of own yungest child

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