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2001 Survey on Time Use and Leisure Activities

Explanation of Terms

2001 Survey on Time Use and Leisure Activities

2. Characteristics of Households

a. Definition of household

Household refers to a group of two or more persons sharing living quarters and living expenses or a person living alone or living in a dormitory or a boarding house.

b. Family type of household

Households are classified according to the relationship of household members.

In this classification, "couple" refers to the youngest couple in the household and "child(ren)" refers to the couple's children who are not yet married.

The family types of households are as follows:

  • Household of a couple only
  • Household of a couple with their child(ren)
  • Household of a couple with their parents
    • Household of a couple with husband's parents
    • Household of a couple with wife's parents
  • Household of a couple with their parent
    • Household of a couple with husband's parent
      • Household of a couple with husband's male parent
      • Household of a couple with husband's female parent
    • Household of a couple with wife's parent
      • Household of a couple with wife's male parent
      • Household of a couple with wife's female parent
  • Household of a couple with their child(ren) and parents
    • Household of a couple with their child(ren) and husband's parents
    • Household of a couple with their child(ren) and wife's parents
  • Household of a couple with their child(ren) and parent
    • Household of a couple with their child(ren) and husband's parent
      • Household of a couple with their child(ren) and husband's male parent
      • Household of a couple with their child(ren) and husband's female parent
    • Household of a couple with their child(ren) and wife's parent
      • Household of a couple with their child(ren) and wife's male parent
      • Household of a couple with their child(ren) and wife's female parent
  • Mother-child(ren) household: A household of a mother and child(ren), of which the mother do not have a spouse and the child(ren) are under 20 years old.
  • Father-child(ren) household: A household of a father and child(ren), of which the father do not have a spouse and the child(ren) are under 20 years old.
  • Aged couple household : A household of a couple only, of which the husband is 65 years old or over and the wife is 60 years old or over
  • One-person household

c. Type of one-person household

One-person household is classified as follows.

  • Persons temporary living away alone from his/her household on business
  • Others

d. Usual economic activities of a married couple

Households with married couples are classified as follows according to usual economic activities of the husbands and wives.

  • Both husband and wife are working
  • Husband is working and wife is not working
  • Wife is working and husband is not working
  • Neither husband nor wife is working

e. Type of residence

Residence units are classified according to tenure and type of residence.

Owner-occupied house

Privately-owned rented house

Publicly-owned rented house

Company-owned or public servant issued house

Rented room(s) or dormitory, etc.

  • Owner-occupied house: Residences owned by the households occupying them. Also included are residences not yet registered and residences purchased in installments and the payment has not yet been finished.
  • Company-owned or public servant issued house: Residences owned or administrated by private companies or public bodies and rented to their employees or officials.
  • Rented room(s): This is the case that the respondent is renting and living in part of a residence that another household lives. However, the case that the rented part is separated structurally and has an entrance, a sink and a toilet for exclusive use, is classified to "privately owned rented house".

f. Number of residence rooms

The residence rooms include living rooms, bedrooms, etc. and exclude entrance halls, kitchens, toilet rooms, bathrooms, etc. A kitchen with a dining space of 5 square meters or more is included in the residence rooms.

g. Possession of car(s)

Cars used only for business are excluded.

h. Annual income of the household

Annual income of the household is the total amount of income during the past year (from October 20, 2000 to October 19, 2001) received by all household members other than live-in employees. Included are wages, salaries, net profits from own business, interests and dividends received, pensions, and so forth.

Receipts resulting from decrease of assets such as withdrawals from savings and nonrecurrent incomes as retirement benefits are not included.

i. Use of caring assistance

This is classified as follows according to whether the respondent usually receiving caring assistance from outside the household. It includes the caring assistance from relatives living elsewhere and from care services, care visitors, etc.

"Caring" also includes that for those who have not been recognized as the persons who need care under the Long Term Care Insurance System.

1. Characteristics of Individuals

3. Time Use (Questionnaire A)

4. Leisure Activities during the Past Year (Questionnaire A)

5. Time Use by Detailed Activity Coding (Questionnaire B)

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