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Outline of Monthly Survey on Service Industries

Purpose of the Survey

Recently, Japan's economy and society have been undergoing significant changes as can be seen in the development of the service-oriented economy. The service industries have been becoming more and more important, for example the service industries account for about 70% of GDP as well as number of employees.

However, adequate statistics to understand the entire picture of these trends have not been in place, and the understanding of the trends of the production and the number of employees of the entire service industry had become an urgent issue facing the government.

In light of these circumstances, the Statistics Bureau of Japan (SBJ) has been conducting the monthly statistical survey "Monthly Survey on Service Industries" since July 2008 for the purpose of improving the accuracy, etc. of various economic indicators such as Quarterly Estimates (QE) of GDP.

Legal Basis of the Survey

This survey is conducted as the General Statistical Survey under the Statistical Act (Act No. 53 of 2007).

Coverage of the Survey and Sampling Method

The survey covers enterprises, etc.[1] or establishments in the industries mentioned below:

Establishments belonging to the minor group "establishments engaging in administration, ancillary economic activities" prepared in each medium group are excluded.

Note: [1] An "enterprise" is defined as a corporation (excluding foreign companies) conducting business activities or an establishment of individual proprietorship. "Enterprise, etc." refers to those entities, including a part of public enterprises, etc. operated by the national government or a local government.

Japan Standard Industrial Classification (Rev. 12, November 2007)

Major groups

Medium groups

Note

G Information and communications

37 Communications
38 Broadcasting
39 Information services
40 Internet based services
41 Video picture, sound information, character information production and distribution

H Transport and postal activities

42 Railway transport
43 Road passenger transport
44 Road freight transport
45 Water transport
46 Air transport
47 Warehousing
48 Services incidental to transport
49 Postal activities, including mail delivery

K Real estate and goods rental and leasing

68 Real estate agencies
69 Real estate lessors and managers
70 Goods rental and leasing

L Scientific research, professional and technical services

72 Professional services, n.e.c.
73 Advertising
74 Technical services, n.e.c.

Excluding the medium group "71 Scientific and development research institutes" and the detailed category "7282 Pure holding companies."

M Accommodations, eating and drinking services

75 Accommodations
76 Eating and drinking places
77 Food take out and delivery services

N Living-related and personal services and amusement services

78 Laundry, beauty and bath services
79 Miscellaneous living-related and personal services
80 Services for amusement and hobbies

Excluding the minor group "792 Domestic services."

O Education, learning support

82 Miscellaneous education, learning support

Excluding the medium group "81 School education."

P Medical, health care and welfare

83 Medical and other health services
84 Public health and hygiene
85 Social insurance and social welfare

Excluding the minor group "841 Public health centers", "851 Social insurance organizations" and "852 Welfare offices."

R Services, n.e.c.

88 Waste disposal business
89 Automobile maintenance services
90 Machine, etc. repair services, except otherwise classified
91 Employment and worker dispatching services
92 Miscellaneous business services
95 Miscellaneous services

Excluding the medium group "93 Political, business and cultural organizations", "94 Religion" and "96 Foreign government and international agencies in Japan."

(1) Enterprise, etc.

A. The survey is conducted on enterprises, etc. belonging to the industries that do not fit a survey by sampling establishments, such as the minor group "371 Fixed telecommunications," "372 Mobile telecommunications," and "382 Private-sector broadcasting except cablecasting," and the medium group "42 Railway transport," "46 Air transport" or "49 Postal activities including mail delivery service."

B. The survey is conducted on all enterprises belonging to the industries other than above A, with capital, investment, or fund (hereinafter "capital, etc.") of 100 million yen or more.

(2) Establishment

Samples are selected by stratified random samples for group based of number of persons working at the location of establishment for establishments which belong to the industries other than above A and do not belong to enterprise, etc. falling under the above A or B. For sampling establishments, all establishments in the stratum above a certain scale are surveyed.

Scale of Survey

(1) Enterprise, etc.

The monthly survey covers about 13,000 enterprises, etc.

The annual survey (expanded survey) covers about 9,500 enterprises, etc., excluding those in "G Information and communications."

(2) Establishment

The monthly survey covers about 26,000 establishments.

The annual survey (expanded survey) covers about 67,000 establishments, excluding those in "G Information and communications."

Number of Coverage of Monthly Survey and Expanded Survey

Coverage

Number of persons working at the location of establishment

Number of enterprises, etc. and establishments surveyed

Monthly survey

Enterprise, etc.

-

About 13,000

Establishment

Above a certain scale

About 4,500

10 persons or more

About 10,000

Less than 10 persons

About 11,500

Expanded survey [2]

Enterprise, etc.

-

About 9,500

Establishment

Above a certain scale

About 4,000

10 persons or more

About 29,000

Less than 10 persons

About 34,000

Note: [2] Enterprises, etc. or establishments in "G Information and communications" are not surveyed in the expanded survey.

Survey Items

The following items are surveyed using "first month questionnaires" for the first month after the start of the monthly survey, "monthly questionnaires" for the second month and after for the monthly survey, and "expanded survey questionnaires" for the annual survey (expanded survey) conducted in June.

(1) Enterprise, etc.

A. First month questionnaires

  • Number of persons working at the location of establishment and breakdowns (of survey month and the previous month)
  • Monthly sales (income) and breakdowns by business activity (of survey month and the previous month)
  • Demand situation by business activity (of survey month)

B. Monthly questionnaires

  • Number of persons working at the location of establishment and breakdowns (of survey month)
  • Monthly sales (income) and breakdowns by business activity (of survey month)
  • Demand situation by business activity (of survey month)

C. Expanded questionnaires (once a year)

  • Legal organization and the amount of capital, etc.
  • Period for posting sales (income)
  • Annual sales (income), etc. and breakdowns by business activity and prefecture
  • Number of persons working at the location of establishment by business activity and breakdowns

(2) Establishment

A. First month questionnaires

  • Categories of main business of establishments
  • Number of persons working at the location of establishment and breakdowns (of survey month and the previous month)
  • Monthly sales (income) (of survey month and the previous month)
  • Demand situation (of survey month)

B. Monthly questionnaires

  • Number of persons working at the location of establishment and breakdowns (of survey month)
  • Monthly sales (income) (of survey month)
  • Demand situation (of survey month)

C. Expanded questionnaires (once a year)

  • Legal organization and the amount of capital, etc.
  • Types of major business of establishments
  • Period for posting sales (income)
  • Annual sales (income), etc.
  • Number of persons working at the location of establishment and breakdowns

Survey Schedule

Date of Survey

The monthly survey is conducted regarding sales for each month, and regarding the number of persons working at the location of establishment on the business day nearest to the end of the month.

The annual survey (expanded survey) conducted in June once a year is in principle conducted on a calendar year basis regarding sales for each year, and regarding the number of persons working at the location of establishment on the business day nearest to the end of June.

Deadline of Submission of Questionnaires

For the monthly survey, the deadline is in principle the 20th of the month following the survey month. For the annual survey (expanded survey), the deadline is in principle the last day of July.

Survey Method

Survey by Mail

In principle, questionnaires are distributed and collected by mail.

However, for establishments whose number of persons working at the location of establishment is less than 10 and for which questionnaires have yet to be collected, the enumerators can directly visit the surveyed establishment and collect questionnaires.

Online Survey

Depending on the request of the surveyed enterprises, etc. or establishments, questionnaires are distributed and collected online.

Release of Survey Results

The results of the monthly survey are released as a preliminary report in late the second month after the survey month to expedite release as much as possible.

In addition, to provide more accurate statistical information, collecting questionnaires continues to be conducted and the results are released as a final report in late the fifth month after the survey month.

  • Preliminary report: In principle, released in late the second month after the survey month.
  • Final report: In principle, released in late the fifth month after the survey month.

The results of the annual survey (expanded survey) is released as a "preliminary report" in late December of the survey year and as a "final report" around autumn of the next year.

Note:To enhance the accuracy of Quarterly Estimates (QE) of GDP, Sales by Industry (Including Some Small Groups) of Business Activity is published since April 2015.Time series-Reference Tablee-Stat

Implementation and Tabulation of the Survey

The SBJ entrusts the implementation of the survey to private research institutes and the tabulation to the National Statistics Center.

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