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Population Census 

Summary of Population by Place of Work or Schooling II

Occupation (Major Groups) of Employed Persons

1. Employed persons by place of work(4 categories)

1.1. Outline

  The total employed persons aged 15 and over in Japan was 64.14 millions. Looking at the employed persons according to their place of work, "Working in the same shi, ku, machi or mura excluding working at home" (hereinafter referred to as "Working in the same municipality excluding home") was the largest category, 28.51 million persons or 44.4% of the total employed persons, followed by "Working in other shi, ku, machi or mura in the same prefecture" (hereinafter referred to as "Working in other municipality") 20.86 millions or 32.5%, "Working at home" 9.56 millions or 14.9%, "Working in other prefecture" 5.21 millions or 8.1%. Refer to Table 1-1 and Chart 1.

1.2. Comparison with the previous census in 1990

  "Working in the same municipality excluding home" showed the largest increase among place of work, an big increase of 2.44 million persons or 9.3% in comparison with the previous census in 1990, followed by "Working in other municipality" 1.84 millions or 9.7%, "Working in other prefecture" 0.4 millions or 8.3%. On the other hand, "Working at home" showed a sharp decrease of 2.22 millions or 18.8%. Refer to Table 1-2.

2. Employed persons by occupation(10 major groups) and place of work(4 categories)

  Looking at the employed persons by occupation and place of work, of "Agriculture, forestry and fisheries workers", "Working at home" accounted for the extremely high rate of 90.4%. Of "Agriculture, forestry and fisheries workers", the sum of "Working at home" and "Working in the same municipality excluding home" (hereinafter referred to as "Working in the same municipality") reached 97.3%. It means that most of "Agriculture, forestry and fisheries workers" worked in the same municipality as their home was located. As for other occupations, "Working in the same municipality excluding home" was the largest category, and accounted for more than 50% especially among the following occupations: "Service workers" 54.4%, "Protective service workers" 54.4% and "Craftsman, mining, production process and construction workers and laborers" 51.9%.
  Of "Managers and officials", "Working in other prefecture" accounted for 13.6% which was fairly high rate as compared with other occupations. "Working at home" accounted for the extremely low rate among the following occupations: "Protective service workers" 0.3%, "Transport and communication workers" 2.9% and "Clerical and related workers" 5.6%.
  Only in "Professional and technical workers", the sum of "Working in other municipality" and "Working in other prefecture" accounted for more than 50 %: 50.5%. Refer to Table 1-1 and Chart 1.

Table1.1 Employed Persons by Occupation(Major Groups) and Place of Work-Japan(1990 and 1995)(Excel:25KB)
Table1.2 Change of Employed Persons by Occupation(Major Groups) and Place of Work-Japan(1990 and 1995) (Excel:25KB)


 

3. "Employed persons by usual place of residence" and "Employed persons by place of work"

3.1. For prefectures

  Comparing "Employed persons by usual place of residence" with "Employed persons by place of work" for prefectures, the difference between both numbers of employed persons was larger in Tokyo Area, Osaka Area and Chukyo Area than other areas. In the central prefectures of these areas such as Tokyo-to, Osaka-fu and Aichi-ken, "Employed persons by place of work" were always more than "Employed persons by usual place of residence". On the other hand, in the surrounding prefectures such as Saitama-ken, Mie-ken, Shiga-ken, etc., "Employed persons by usual place of residence" were always more than "Employed persons by place of work". It means that "Net inflow" of employed persons into the central prefectures were largely plus.
  In Tokyo Area, "Net inflow" into Tokyo-to: its central prefecture, was 2.5 million persons or equivalent to 39.0% of "Employed persons by usual place of residence". On the other hand, in the surrounding prefectures, "Net inflow" into Saitama-ken was (-)890 thousands or 25.2%, followed by Kanagawa-ken (-)750 thousands or 17.5%, Chiba-ken (-)710 thousands or 23.7%.
  In Osaka Area, "Net inflow" into Osaka-fu: its central prefecture, was 500 thousands or 11.5%. On the other hand, in the surrounding prefectures, "Net inflow" into Hyogo-ken was (-)230 thousands or 8.9%, followed by Nara-ken (-)170 thousands or 26.2%, Shiga-ken (-)50 thousands or 7.1%.
  In Chukyo Area, "Net inflow" into Aichi-ken: its central prefecture, was 100 thousands or 2.6%. On the other hand, in the surrounding prefectures, "Net inflow" into Gifu-ken was (-)70 thousands or 6.5%, followed by Mie-ken (-)40 thousands or 4.1%. Refer to Table 2.

Table2 Difference of Employed Persons Between by Place of Work and by Usual Place of Residence,by Occupation(Major groups)-Japan and Prefectures(1995)(Excel:37KB)

3.2. By occupation(10 major groups)

  Looking at the above by occupation, in Tokyo Area, "Net inflow" into Tokyo-to: its central prefecture, was plus in all the occupations. Especially, "Net inflow" in "Clerical and related workers" was 820 thousand persons or equivalent to 55.7% of "Employed persons by usual place of residence", followed by "Sales workers" 550 thousands or 49.5%, "Professional and technical workers" 380 thousands or 39.4%. On the other hand, "Net inflow" into the surrounding prefectures were minus(-) in all the occupations.

  In Osaka Area, "Net inflow" into Osaka-fu: its central prefecture, was plus in all the occupations except "Agriculture, forestry and fisheries workers". Especially, "Net inflow" in "Clerical and related workers" was 160 thousands or 17.9%, followed by "Sales workers" 130 thousands or 15.8%, "Professional and technical workers" 80 thousands or 15.6%. On the other hand, "Net inflow" into the surrounding prefectures were minus(-) in all the occupations except "Agriculture, forestry and fisheries workers". Refer to Table 2.

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