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Population Census 

1995 POPULATION CENSUS OF JAPAN Results of Special Tabulation on Living with Parents

14 september 2000

Summary of Findings

1. Living with parent(s)

  The number of the persons who lived with parent(s) was 53 million persons or 42.5% of the total population in Japan in 1995. The rate living with parent(s) was below 50%. (Refer to Table 1 and Chart 1.) 
  The number of the persons who lived with parent(s) out of males was 27 millions or 44.5% of the total number of males. Likewise, females were 26 millions or 40.5%. The rate living with parent(s) for male was a little higher than that for female. (Refer to Table 1.) 
  To take a look at the persons who lived with parent(s) by marital status and sex, the number of the persons
who lived with parent(s) out of the males never married was 21 millions or 78.8% of the total number of the
males never married. Likewise, the married males were 6 millions or 18.5%, the divorced males were 260,000
or 23.5%, and the widowed males were 70,000 or 5.5%. On the other hand, the females never married were 19 millions or 84.9%, the married females were 6 millions or 18.7%, the divorced females were 330,000 or 16.4%, and the widowed females were 200,000 or 2.9%. On the never married and the married, the rate living with
parent(s) for female was a little higher than that for male. On the other hand, as to the divorced and the widowed, the rate living with parent(s) for male was a little higher than that for female. (Refer to Table 1.)


  *As for Table 1 to 7, totals include the persons who cannot be identified whether living with parent(s)/child(ren) or not.

Table 1. Population by Type of Living with Parent(s) (2 Groups), Marital Status (4 Groups),and Sex- Japan (1995)
Chart 1. Ratio of population by type of living with parent(s)-Japan(1995)/Chart 2. Ratio of the never-married aged 20-39 by type of living with parent(s) -Japan(1995)

 

  To take a look at by age, the number of the persons who lived with parent(s) out of the population aged under 20 was 27 millions or 96.0% of the total population aged under 20. Likewise, the population aged 20 and over were 26 millions or 26.7% and the population aged 65 and over were 410,000 or 2.2%. In addition, the population aged 20 - 39 who never married were 12 millions or 67.6%: they accounted for 10% in the total population and the rate living with parent(s) for them was so high. The rise of the never married rate in this generation is the major cause of decline of the birth rate and the rapid aging in Japan. (Refer to Table 2, Table3, and Chart 2.)


Table 2. Population by Type of Living with Parent(s) (2 Groups), Age (2 Groups), and Sex  - Japan (1995)
Table 3. Never-Married Persons by Type of Living with Parent(s) (2 Groups), Age (2 Groups), and Sex - Japan (1995) 

  For prefectures, the rate living with parent(s) of Yamagata-ken showed the highest among 47 prefectures and 53.0%, followed by Fukui-ken's 50.7%, Toyama-ken's 50.2%, and Niigata-ken's 50.1%: the rate living with parent(s) showed more than 50% in these 4 prefectures where faced toward the Sea of Japan. On the other hand, Tokyo-to showed the lowest and 34.8%, followed by Kagoshima-ken's 35.8%, Hokkaido's 36.6%, Kochi-ken's 38.8%, Kanagawa-ken's 39.0%, Osaka-fu's 39.1%, and so on. The rate living with parent(s) showed less than 40% in 8 prefectures where major cities were located or were located in the western part of Japan. (Refer to Table 4 and Chart 3.)


Table 4. Rate of Living with Parent(s)-Prefecture (1995)Chart 3. Rate of population living with parent(s)-Prefecture(1995)

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2. Living with child(ren)

  The number of the persons who lived with child(ren) out of the population aged 50 and over was 24 million persons or 56.3% of the total population aged 50 and over in Japan in 1995. The rate living with child(ren) was over 50%. (Refer to Table 5.) 
  The number of the persons who lived with child(ren) out of the males aged 50 and over was 11 millions or 56.2% of the total number of the males aged 50 and over. Likewise, females were 13 millions or 56.4%. (Refer to Table 5.) 
  To take a look at the persons who lived with child(ren) out of the population aged 50 and over by marital status and sex, the number of the persons who lived with child(ren) out of the married males aged 50 and over was 10 millions or 59.7% of the total number of the married males aged 50 and over. Likewise, the widowed males were 730,000 or 59.7%, and the divorced males were 130,000 or 22.2%. On the other hand, the married females were 8 millions or 56.9%, the widowed females were 4 millions or 64.3%, and the divorced females
were 450,000 or 45.5%. On the divorced, the rate living with child(ren) for female was a fairly higher than that for male. (Refer to Table 5.)


Table 5. Population 50 Years of Age and Over, by Type of Living with Child(ren) (2 Groups), Marital Status (4 Groups), and Sex - Japan (1995)

 

  To take a look at by age, the number of the persons who lived with child(ren) out of the population aged 65 and over was 10 millions or 52.3% of the total population aged 65 and over. Likewise, the population aged 75 and over were 4 millions or 59.5% and the population aged 85 and over were 1 million or 65.6%. Thus, the older the age group was, the higher the rate living with child(ren) was. (Refer to Table 6 and Chart 4.)


Table 6. Population 50 Years of Age and Over, by Type of Living with Child(ren) (2 Groups), Age, and Sex - Japan (1995)

Chart 4. Rate of the population living with child(ren) and 65 years of age and over -Japan(1995)

 

  For prefectures, the rate living with child(ren) of Yamagata-ken showed the highest among 47 prefectures and 69.8%, followed by Shiga-ken's 67.1%, Ibaragi-ken's 66.5%, Niigata-ken's 66.1%, Tochigi-ken's 65.9%, and so on. The rate living with child(ren) showed more than 65% in 8 prefectures where faced toward the Sea of Japan except Saitama-ken. On the other hand, Kagoshima-ken showed the lowest and 34.0%, followed by Hokkaido's 41.6%, Miyazaki-ken's 42.2%, Kochi-ken's 42.6%, Yamaguchi-ken's 43.5%, and so on. The rate living with child(ren) showed less than 50% in 9 prefectures where were located in the western part of Japan except Hokkaido. (Refer to Table 7 and Chart 5.)


Table 7. Rate of Living with Child(ren) -Prefecture (1995) (Top and Bottom 10)Chart 5. Ratio of the population living with child(ren) and aged 50 and over -Prefecture (1995)


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3. Three-generation household

  The number of three-generation households was 4,930,000 households or 11.2% of the total number of private households in Japan in 1995. Likewise, three-generation households with a couple were 4,590,000 or 10.5%. Three-generation households without a couple were 340,000 or 0.8%. The households in which either husband or wife who worked without living with his/her spouse was, the households in which either husband or wife who was in a hospital was, and so on were included in the three-generation households without a couple. (Refer to Table 8.) 
  To take a look at the ratio of the three-generation households among the private households by prefecture, Yamagata-ken showed the highest among 47 prefectures and 29.9%(110,000 households), followed by Fukui-ken's 24.8%(60,000), Toyama-ken's 24.5%(80,000), Akita-ken's 23.8%(90,000), Niigata-ken's 23.5%(180,000), and so on. The ratio of the three-generation households showed more than 20% in 11 prefectures where faced toward the Sea of Japan or were located in Tohoku Area. On the other hand, Tokyo-to showed the lowest and 4.4%(220,000), followed by Kagoshima-ken's 4.7%(30,000), Osaka-fu's 6.0%(190,000), Kanagawa-ken's 6.3%(190,000), Hokkaido's 6.7%(140,000), and so on. The ratio of the three-generation households showed less than 10% in 14 prefectures where major cities were located or were located in the western part of Japan. (Refer to Table 9.)


Table 8. Three-Generation Households  -Japan (1995)

Table 9. Ratio of the Three-Generation Households  -Prefecture (1995)  (Top and Bottom 10)

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4. Full-time housewife

  The number of full-time housewives, that is, females who were married and did housework usually was 14 million persons or 45.2% of the total married females in Japan in 1995. (Refer to Table 10.) 
  To take a look at the ratio of the full-time housewives among the married females by age, those aged 15-19 was the highest and 67.5%(20,000 persons), those aged 20-24 was 59.6%(360,000), those aged 25-29 was 58.1%(1,250,000), those aged 30-34 was 57.2%(1,750,000), those aged 60-64 was 56.2%(1,620,000), and those aged 65-69 was 55.4%(1,230,000). The ratio of the full-time housewives showed more than 50% at those aged under 35 and 60-69. (Refer to Table 10 and Chart 6.) 
  To take a look at the ratio of the full-time housewives among the married females by prefecture, Nara-ken showed the highest among 47 prefectures and 56.2%(210,000 households), followed by Osaka-fu's 54.4% (1,170,000), Kanagawa-ken's 53.6%(1,110,000), Hyogo-ken's 52.6%(730,000), Tokyo-to's 50.4% (1,380,000), and so on: the ratio of the full-time housewives showed more than 50% in these 5 prefectures where major cities were located. On the other hand, Tottori-ken showed the lowest and 30.9%(50,000), followed by Fukui-ken's 31.1%(70,000), Toyama-ken's 33.0%(100,000), and so on. The ratio of the full-time housewives showed less than 33% in 6 prefectures where faced toward the Sea of Japan. (Refer to Table 11.)


Table 10. Full-Time Housewives by Age  -Japan (1995)

Chart 6. Ratio of Full-Time Housewives -Japan (1995)

Table 11. Ratio of Full-Time Housewives -Prefecture (1995)  (Top and Bottom 10)

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5. Household with married-single-person

  Married-single-persons mean the married persons who did not live with their spouse. The number of "Households with the married-single-persons" was 1,540,000 households or 3.5% of the total private households in Japan in 1995. The households, in which either husband or wife who worked without living with his/her spouse was, were mainly included in "One-person households". The households, which sent either husband or wife who worked without living with their spouse off, were mainly included in the other households except "One-person households". (Refer to Table 12.) 
  To take a look at "the households with the married-single-persons" by family type of household, the number of "One-person households" was the most and 700,000 households (45.7% of the total households with married-single-persons). Followed by, "Mother with her children" was 460,000 (29.6%), "Other relatives households not elsewhere classified" was 90,000 (6.1%), "Father with his children" was 70,000 (4.7%), "A couple with their child(ren) and parent" was 60,000 (3.8%), and so on. (Refer to Table 12.) 
  To take a look at the ratio of "the households with the married-single-persons" among the private households by prefecture, Iwate-ken showed the highest among 47 prefectures and 6.3% (28,000 households), followed by Aomori-ken's 5.9% (28,000), Okinawa-ken's 5.2% (21,000), and so on: the ratio of "the households with the married-single-persons" showed more than 5% in these 3 prefectures. On the other hand, Kyoto-fu showed the lowest and 2.6% (25,000), followed by Wakayama-ken's 2.7% (10,000), Nara-ken's 2.8% (13,000), Saitama-ken's 2.9% (67,000), Osaka-fu's 2.9% (96,000), and so on: "The households with married-single- persons" were less than 3% in these 5 prefectures. (Refer to Table 13 and Chart 7.) 
  Compared with 1990, the number of "the households with married-single-persons" increased 91,000 households or 6.2%. To take a look at by family type of household, "One-person households" was the most increased and 90,000 or 14.6%. Followed by "Mother with her children" increased 30,000 or 7.6%, "A married couple with their child(ren)" increased 6,000 or 19.6%, "Non-relatives households" increased 4,000 or 33.3%, and so on. On the other hand, "A couple with their child(ren) and parent" was the most decreased and 30,000 or 34.5%. Followed by "A couple with their child(ren), parent(s), and other relative(s)" decreased 6,000 or 24.2%, and so on. (Refer to Table 12.)


Table 12. Households with Married-Single-Person by Family Type of Household (16 Groups)  - Japan (1990 and 1995)
Table 13. Ratio of Households with Married-Single-Person -Prefecture (1995)  (Top and Bottom 10)
Chart 7. Ratio of Private Households with Married-Single-Person -Prefecture (1995)

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6. Married-single-employed-person

  Married-single-employed-persons, that is, the employed persons who were married and lived in "One-person households" numbered 600,000 persons in Japan in 1995. The persons who worked without living with their spouse were mainly included. Males numbered 510,000 persons or 85.2% of the total number of the married-single-employed-persons. Likewise, females were 90,000 or 14.8%. (Refer to Table 14.)

Table 14. Married-Single-Employed-Persons  -Japan (1990 and 1995)

  To take a look at the married- single-employed-persons by age, the number of those aged 40-45 was the most and 140,000 persons (23.0% of the total number of the married-single-employed-persons). Followed by, those aged 50-54 was 130,000 (20.9%), those aged 55-59 was 90,000 (14.2%), those aged 40-44 was 80,000 (13.5%), and so on. Those aged 40-59 totaled 430,000 (71.7%). (Refer to Table 15 and Chart 8.)


Table 15. Married-Single-Employed-Persons by  Age -Japan (1995)
Chart 8. Married-single-employed-persons -Japan(1995) 

  To take a look at by industry, the number of the married-single-employed-persons working in "Services" was the most and 140,000 persons (23.2% of the total number of the married-single-employed-persons). Followed by, "Manufacturing" was 120,000 (20.0%), "Wholesale and retail trade, and eating and drinking places" was 110,000 (17.8%), "Construction" was 90,000 (14.3%), and so on. (Refer to Table 16.)


Table 16. Married-Single-Employed-Persons by Industry  (Major Groups)  - Japan (1995)

 

  To take a look at by prefecture, Tokyo-to showed the most among 47 prefectures and 66,000 persons (11.0% of the total number of the married-single-employed-persons), followed by Kanagawa-ken's 39,000 (6.4%), Hokkaido's 37,000 (6.2%), Osaka-fu's 36,000 (6.0%), Aichi-ken's 32,000 (5.3%), and so on: the married-single-employed-persons numbered more than 30,000 in these 5 prefectures where major cities were located. On the other hand, Tottori-ken showed the fewest and 2,800 (0.5%), followed by Saga-ken's 3,300 (0.5%), Wakayama-ken's 3,400 (0.6%), Nara-ken's 3,500 (0.6%), Tokushima-ken's 3,600 (0.6%), and so on. The married- single-employed-persons numbered less than 5,000 in 9 prefectures. (Refer to Table 17, Table 18, and Chart 9.)


Table 17. Ratio of the Married-Single-Employed-Persons  -Prefecture (1995)  (Top and Bottom 10)

Table 18. Ratio of the Married-Single-Employed- Persons  -13 Major cities (1995)Chart 9. Married-Single-employed-Persons  -Prefecture (1995)  

  Compared with 1990, the total number of the married-single-employed-persons increased 79,000 persons or 15.1%. Males increased 66,000 or 14.9%. Females increased 12,000 or 16.0%. The increase rate for females was a little higher than that for males. (Refer to Table 14.)

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