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Summary of Results (2014)

Results of the Survey of Research and Development

R&D Expenditure

Japan's total expenditure on R&D during fiscal year (FY) 2013 stood at 18.13 trillion yen, an increase of 4.7 percent from the previous fiscal year. It increased for the first time in two years.
Expenditure on R&D as a percentage of GDP was 3.75 percent, an increase of 0.10 point percent from the previous fiscal year.

Chart 1 Growth of R&D Expenditures

R&D expenditure of business enterprises stood at 12,692 billion yen (accounted for 70.0 percent), non-profit institutions and public organizations stood at 1,742 billion yen (accounted for 9.6 percent), universities and colleges stood at 3,700 billion yen (accounted for 20.4 percent).

Chart 2 R&D Expenditures by Sector of Performance

For R&D expenditures by main industries of business enterprises, "Transportation equipment" stood at 2.50 trillion yen, "Information and communication electronics equipment" stood at 1.67 trillion yen, "Drugs and medicines" stood at 1.44 trillion yen.

Chart 3 Composition of R&D Expenditures by Main Industries (Business Enterprises)

R&D Personnel

As of 31 March 2014, researchers numbered 841,600, up 0.7 percent from the previous year. It increased for the first time in two years.
Female researchers numbered 130,600, and accounted for 14.6 percent, both of which are the highest in the past years.

Chart 4 Number of Female Researchers (Head Count)

Technology Balance of Payments

With regard to technology balance of payments by business enterprises, receipts for technology exports stood at 3.40 trillion yen, an increase of 24.8 percent from previous fiscal year.
Payments for technology imports stood at 578 billion yen, an increase of 28.8 percent from the previous fiscal year. It is increasing for two consecutive years.
Receipts from technology exports minus payments from technology imports stood at 2.82 trillion yen, an increase of 24.0 percent from the previous fiscal year. It is increasing for four consecutive years, and the highest figure in the past years.

Chart 5 Technology Balance of Payments

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