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Survey on Household Economy

Summary of the 2005 Survey of Household Economy (Results Related to Information Technology (IT))

I Outline

1. Ownership and Utilization of Equipments and Services Related to Information Technology (IT)

a. Ownership of Equipments which can be connected to the Internet

  The proportion of households owning equipments which can be connected to the Internet was 57.0% in 2005, up 1.2 percentage points from the previous year (55.8%). Among the equipments, Personal Computer/Word Processor together held the largest share of 49.1%, followed by Cell Phone/PHS, which accounted for 42.5%. Compared with the preceding year, Personal Computer/ Word Processor registered a 2.2-point increase, while Cell Phone/PHS marked a 0.6-point increase.

b. Equipment which are connected to the Internet for a long time

  Among the equipments which can be connected to the Internet, equipment which are connected to the Internet for the longest time was Personal Computer/ Word Processor (36.7%), followed by 8.0% of Cell Phone/PHS. Compared with the preceding year, while Personal Computer/Word Processor marked a 2.2-point increase.

c. Means of Communication for accessing the Internet

  Among households owning equipments which can be connected to the Internet, the proportion of those accessing the Internet (except for i(L)-mode, Vodafone-live!, EZweb, and so on) was 39.1%, expanded by 3.0 points over the preceding year. Breaking down the access by means of communication which are used most frequently, xDSL lines (ADSL, etc.) marked 16.3%, rose 1.2 points over the preceding year, followed by ISDN lines (6.8%), rose 0.6 point.

2. Utilization of the Internet

a. Utilization of the Internet by Purpose

  The proportion of households in which at least one member of a household had accessed the Internet at any time within a month was 45.6%, up 3.0 points over the preceding year.

  Breaking down these figures according to the purpose of an access, the collection of information accounted for the largest share (42.0%) among the households surveyed, followed by e-mail (32.0%) and Internet shopping (15.7%).

b. Utilization of the Internet for purchasing goods and services

  In an analysis of the utilization of the Internet for purchasing goods and services, the proportion of households in which at least one member of a household had used the Internet for the collection of information was 29.5%, up 3.2 points over the preceding year. The proportion of households in which at least one member of a household had ordered anything via the Internet was 19.1% of all the households surveyed, while that of households in which at least one member had paid via the Internet stood at 10.6%.

II. Analysis by characteristics of Households

Two-or-more person households

1. Analysis by Age Group of the Household head

a. Ownership of equipments which can be connected to the Internet

  In an analysis of households owning hardware with the Internet access by Age Group of the household head, the 40-49 (years old) group was the top at 82.6%, followed by those aged 30-39 at 81.5% and those 50-59 group at 73.1%. The lowest rate was 31.6% for households whose heads were 70 years old or above.

  In a breakdown by type of hardware with the Internet access, the proportion of Personal Computer/Word Processor was the highest in every bracket of those above 30 years, while that of Cell Phone/PHS was the highest in those under 30.

b. Utilization of the Internet

  In an analysis of households in which at least one member of a household had accessed the Internet within a month, the 40-49 group marked the highest proportion at 71.8%, followed by those 30-39 years old at 68.8% and those 50-59 group at 59.8%. Those 70 years old or above were again the lowest at 20.4%.

  In terms of the proportion of households in which at least one member of a household had collected information via the Internet for purchasing goods and services, the highest ranked age group was the 40-49 group at 49.3%, while the lowest was the over-70s generation at 10.8%.

2. Analysis by Occupation of Household head

a. Ownership of equipments which can be connected to the Internet

  As for the proportion of households owning hardware with Internet access by occupation of household head, senior executives of companies was the highest at 76.6%, followed by employees at 75.0% and self-employed persons and others at 58.7%.

b. Utilization of the Internet

  As for the proportion of households in which at least one member of a household had accessed the Internet within a month, senior executives of companies was the highest at 65.2%, followed by employees at 62.0% and self-employed persons and others at 45.4%.

3. Analysis by Yearly Income Group

a. Ownership of equipments which can be connected to the Internet

  In terms of the proportion of households owning hardware with Internet access, a tendency was found that the higher the income is, the higher the ownership rate of such hardware is.

b. Utilization of Internet

  The proportion of households in which at least one member of a household had accessed the Internet within a month, it was found that the greater the income is, the higher the access rate is. A similar trend was found regarding the proportion of households in which at least one member had collected information via the Internet for purchasing goods and services.

(Appendix) Quarterly Analyses

1. Trends of Ownership and Utilization of Equipments and Services Related to Information Technology

a. Trends of Ownership of equipments which can be connected to the Internet

  In terms of the proportion of households owning hardware with Internet access, the ownership rate was generally higher than the corresponding quarter of 2004: 55.4% in January-March, 56.5% in April-June and 58.1% in July-December. In terms of types of hardware, Personal Computer/Word Processor was the highest in every quarter, followed by Cell Phone/PHS.

b. Trends of Means of Communication for accessing Internet

  Among households owning hardware with Internet access (except direct Internet access by i-mode/L-mode and other telephones), the proportion of those accessing the Internet generally increased from 2002. Tracing the trend of the most frequently used means of communication, the share of analog telephone lines was 8.8% and that of xDSL lines 7.6% in the October-December quarter of 2002. But their relative positions were reversed in the January-March quarter of 2003 (9.7% against 10.5%), followed by a widening tendency of the gap between them.

2. Trends of Utilization of the Internet

  In an analysis of households in which at least one member had accessed the Internet, the proportion of households in which at least one member of a household had used the Internet for the collection of information was 40.7% in January-March, 39.7% in April-June, 43.8% in July-September and 43.7% in the October-December quarters, showing a generally upward tendency since 2002. The share of e-mails was about the same as in 2004, standing at 32.5% in January-March, 29.6% in April-June, 33.2% in July-September and 32.8% in October-December.

  The upward trend of Internet shopping was still going since 2004, marking 14.5% in January-March, 15.4% in April-June, 16.3% in July-September and 16.8% in October-December.

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