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Current Population Estimates as of October 1, 2016

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Population Pyramid

Population Pyramid

 Summary of Results - Current Population Estimates as of October 1, 2016

Population for Japan

[Total Population]

  • The total population was 126,933 thousand, and decreased by 162 thousand compared with the previous year. The rate of decrease was 0.13 percent. The total population decreased for the sixth year in a row.
  • The male population was 61,766 thousand, a decrease of 76 thousand (0.12 percent), while the female population was 65,167 thousand, a decrease of 86 thousand (0.13 percent).
  • The natural change of the male population was negative for twelfth years in a row, and that of the female population was negative for eighth years in a row.
  • The migration change of Japanese population was negative for sixth years in a row, and that of foreign population was positive for fourth years.

Table 1 Composition of Population (as of October 1, 2016)

Figure 1 Number and Rate of Population change

[Population by Age Group]

  • The population under 15 years old was 15,780 thousand (12.4 percent of the total population).
  • The population aged 15 to 64 was 76,562 thousand (60.3 percent of the total population).
  • The population aged 65 years old and over was 34,591 thousand (27.3 percent of the total population).

Population by Prefecture

[Population]

  • The top five prefectures in population were Tokyo-to, Kanagawa-ken, Osaka-fu, Aichi-ken and Saitama-ken. These prefectures account for 36.6 percent of the total population.
  • Tokyo-to had the largest population in 2016 (10.7 percent of the total population).

[Rates of Population Change]

  • The population increased in 7 prefectures. Tokyo-to had the highest rate of increase in population.
  • The population decreased in 40 prefectures. Akita-ken had the highest rate of decrease in population.

Table 2 Population for Prefectures/Table 3 Rates of Population Change for Prefectures

Figure 3 Rates of Population Change

[Population by Age Group]

  • The percentage of the population under 15 years old was the highest in Okinawa-ken and lowest in Akita-ken.
  • The percentage of the population aged 15 to 64 was the highest in Tokyo-to and lowest in Shimane-ken.
  • The percentage of the population aged 65 years old and over was the highest in Akita-ken and lowest in Okinawa-ken, and it increased in all prefectures.

Reference Table Percentage of Population by Age (3 Groups) for Prefectures

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