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Home > Statistics > Report on Internal Migration in Japan > Summary of the Results > Summary of the Results of Internal Migration in 2016

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Summary of the Results of Internal Migration in 2016

Released on April 27, 2017

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The number of inter-prefectural migrants has decreased for the first time since 2014, the rate of migration was down from the previous year

  • The number of Japanese internal migrants was 488,967 and the rate of migration was 3.90%, down 0.12 points from the previous year.
  • The number of Japanese inter-prefectural migrants was 2,275,331, a decrease for the first time since 2014. The rate of migration was 1.82%, down 0.04 points from the previous year.
  • The number of Japanese intra-prefectural migrants was 2,605,636, a decrease for the first time since 2014. The rate of migration was 2.08%, down 0.08 points from the previous year.

figure1 Changes of Number of Internal Migrants : 1954 to 2016


The number of positive net-migration for Tokyo-to has decreased for the first time since 2011, and the number for Kanagawa-ken has decreased for the first time since 2012.

  • Regarding the net-migration for prefectures, seven prefectures had positive net-migration in 2016: Tokyo-to (74,177 persons), Chiba-ken (16,075 persons), Saitama-ken (15,560 persons), and so on. The number of positive net-migration for Tokyo-to has decreased for the first time since 2011, and the number for Kanagawa-ken has decreased for the first time since 2012. The rate of positive net-migration in Tokyo-to (0.56%) was the highest, followed by Chiba-ken (0.26%), and so on. The rate of positive net-migration in Tokyo-to, Kanagawa-ken, Aichi-ken and Osaka-fu was down from the previous year.
  • On the other hand, forty prefectures had negative net-migration in 2016: Hokkai-do (6,874 persons), Kumamoto-ken (6,791 persons), Hyogo-ken (6,760 persons), and so on. Compared with the previous year, the number of negative net-migration in Fukushima-ken increased by 3,444 persons, and the number in Kumamoto-ken increased by 2,858 persons. The rate of negative net-migration in Aomori-ken (0.49%) was the highest, followed by Akita-ken (0.44%), Nagasaki-ken (0.41%), and so on.

figure2 Number of Net-migration for Prefectures : 2015 and 2016


The number of positive net-migration for Tokyo Area has decreased for the first time since 2011. Nagoya Area and Osaka Area had negative net-migration for the fourth straight year

  • The net-migration for all three major metropolitan areas (Tokyo Area, Nagoya Area and Osaka Area) had a positive net-migration of 106,170 persons. Compared with the previous year, positive net-migration decreased by 2,743 persons for these areas. This was the first decrease since 2012.
  • The Tokyo Area had a positive net-migration of 117,868 persons. This was the first decrease since 2011. The rate of positive net-migration was 0.33%, down 0.01 points from the previous year.
  • The Nagoya Area had a negative net-migration of 2,363 persons. This was the fourth straight year. The rate of negative net-migration was 0.02%, up 0.01 points from the previous year.
  • The Osaka Area had a negative net-migration of 9,335 persons. This was the fourth straight year. The rate of negative net-migration was 0.05%, unchanged from the previous year.

figure3 Changes in Rate of Net-migration for Three Major Metropolitan Areas : 1954 to 2016


The total number of negative net-migration for Iwate-ken, Miyagi-ken and Fukushima-ken was 10,192, increased by 3,599 persons from the previous year

  • The total number of negative net-migration for Iwate-ken, Miyagi-ken and Fukushima-ken was 10,192. Compared with the previous year, negative net-migration increased by 3,599 persons in these areas.
  • Each of the three prefectures had negative net-migration, which was unchanged from the previous year.

figure4 Changes of Number of Net-migration for Iwate-ken , Miyagi-ken and Fukushima-ken : 1954 to 2016

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