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Chapter 28 Justice and Police

  This chapter contains statistics on justice and police affairs.

Police

Crime statistics

  Statistics on crimes are compiled according to detailed rules on crime statistics based on the Regulation on Crime Statistics. In principle, the National Police Agency compiles the statistics from the crime survey original schedules prepared by the prefectural police or a part of the crime survey schedules that are restricted in terms of the period or region of the survey or selected by sampling.

Method of counting the number of cases:

In principle, the survey counts the number of criminal acts committed by suspected persons. However, several criminal acts that belong to the same category of crime shall be counted as one case when they indicate sameness in their criminal intents and results and when they can be recognized as a single social phenomenon from the viewpoint of public order.

Prosecution

Statistics on prosecution

  The statistics on prosecution are compiled by the Ministry of Justice. The purpose is to clarify the acceptance and processing of criminal cases handled by public prosecutors offices and shed light on the backgrounds of suspected persons, and to use the statistics as basic materials for formulating administrative measures in prosecution and criminal policies. The statistics include a monthly report on prosecution statistics at the end of each month, an annual report on prosecution statistics at the end of each year, a survey of suspected persons and a survey of suspected persons in pending cases. Statistics are compiled based on the reports from the Supreme Public Prosecutors Office, the High Public Prosecutors Offices, District Public Prosecutors Offices and Local Public Prosecutors Offices.

Justice

Judicial statistics

  Before World War II , statistics on trials were under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Justice. Subsequent to the end of the War, they were placed under the jurisdiction of the General Secretariat of the Supreme Court.

Criminal cases

1946: "Annual Report of Criminal Statistics (trial records)" - Ministry of Justice, 1947: "Criminal Cases by Court (Table of guilty persons at the first trial by the name of an offense for two years following the end of WWII)" - General Secretariat of the Supreme Court, 1949 - 1951: Annual Report on Judicial Statistics 1952 - Criminal Cases," Since 1952: "Annual Report on Judicial Statistics 2 - Criminal Cases"

Domestic cases

1948 - 1951: "Annual Report on Judicial Statistics 1952 - Domestic Cases" by the General Secretariat of the Supreme Court, Since 1952: "Annual Report on Judicial Statistics 3 - Domestic Cases"

Juvenile delinquencies

1949 - 1951: "Annual Report on Judicial Statistics 1952 - Juvenile Cases" by the General Secretariat of the Supreme Court, Since 1952: "Annual Report on Judicial Statistics 4 - Juvenile Cases"

Civil and administrative cases

1941 - 1946: "Table of Civil Cases," 1947 - 1951: "Table of Civil, Criminal and Domestic Cases of 1950" and "Annual Report on Judicial Statistics 1952 - Civil Cases," Since 1952: "Annual Report on Judicial Statistics 1-Civil and Administrative Cases"

Correction and probation

Survey on Correction

  The Ministry of Justice conducts the survey. Its purpose is to clarify the number of inmates of prisons, prisons for minors and detention houses, the criminal records, backgrounds and readmission of convicts, and is to use the statistics as basic materials for administrative measures for correction and criminal policies. The survey consists of a monthly report on correction statistics at the end of each month, an annual report of correction statistics at the end of each year, a survey on the admission of convicts, a survey on the release of convicts and a survey of sick/recuperating patients and the deceased. The statistics are compiled based on the reports from prisons, prisons for minors and detention houses nationwide.

Survey on Juvenile Correction

  The survey is designed to clarify number of inmates of reformatories and juvenile classification homes, individual features of a boy/girl and his/her treatment. The statistics are used as basic materials for administrative measures of juvenile correction and criminal policies. The survey is conducted by the Ministry of Justice. The compiled statistics include the number of persons admitted to/released from juvenile classification offices by reasons (monthly), the number of persons accepted for/finished classification in juvenile classification homes (yearly), the number of persons admitted to/released from reformatories by reasons (monthly), the number of newly admitted persons in reformatories by treatment course (monthly), the number of residents of reformatories by treatment course (at the end of a month), the number of residents of reformatories by type of reformatory (year-end), the number of residents of reformatories by treatment class (year-end), characteristics of persons admitted to reformatories and juvenile classification homes and characteristics of persons released from reformatories.

Survey on Rehabilitation

  The Ministry of Justice carries out the survey to clarify the actual cases of release on parole, probation, relief and rehabilitation, and amnesty. The statistics are used as basic materials for administrative measures for the relief and rehabilitation of criminals and for criminal policies. The survey consists of a report of regional committees on relief and rehabilitation, a survey on cases during parole, a report of probation offices and branch offices, a survey of reported cases during relief and rehabilitation, and a survey on completed cases of probation and rehabilitation.

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