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Chapter 16 Service Industry
By the revision of the Japan Standard Industrial Classification published in March 2002, substantial part of the former major group "L-Service" was taken out, forming new major groups. They are "Information and Communications," "Medical, Health Care and Welfare," "Education Learning Support," "Eating and Drinking Places, Accommodations," and "Compound Services."
This chapter contains comprehensive statistics that cover the entire service industry prior to the revision, and statistics concerning services for individuals and services for business establishments in this chapter. Other sectors are treated in independent chapters.
1. Comprehensive Statistics on the entire service industry Survey on Service Industries*
*It ended with the 2004 survey, and was abolished or merged into Economic Census (fundamental statistics)
The census of manufacturers and the census of commerce have been independently conducted from way back. However, no census was taken for the service industry. The Statistics Bureau in the Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications conducted the first Survey on Service Industries only in 1989, thereby shedding light on the basic structure, economic activities and business realities of service-related establishments. Subsequently this survey has been carried out every five years. The third survey was implemented in 1999.
The survey covers private establishments (excluding domestic service business, public service business of foreign countries, hospitals and clinics and school education) that belong to "L - Services," major group in the industrial classification prior to the 2002 revision. The population of the 1994 survey included only profit-making service businesses.
The topics of the survey include managerial organization, capital, head office or branch office, the date of opening, number of employees, annual income, ratio of income by type of business and service activity, ratio of income by customer from whom the company has received for its main business and service activity, annual total expenditure, total annual wages paid, and annual amount of capital investment.
Survey of Selected Service Industries (Fundamental Statistics)
The purpose of this survey is to illuminate the service industry and obtain basic materials useful for policies and measures concerning the service industry. The origin of this survey goes back to 1973 when it was conducted under the title of the "1973 Survey of Selected Service Businesses." Since then, several categories of service businesses have been surveyed every year, whereas others are rotated in a cycle of certain years.
In 1979, the coverage of business categories was expanded and the name was changed to the "Survey of Selected Service Industries." Thereafter, survey was revised such as adjusting the pattern of survey years for target business categories, thereby leading to the present survey. The survey covers 20 business categories as of 2001. The survey is conducted by the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry. The survey topics include managerial organization, capital, number of employees, annual sales, contract amount, number of contracts, and the ratio of annual sales (contract) by type of service, by business category and by industry to which a contracting party belongs.
Statistical Reports on Public Health Administration
See Chapter 24 Health and Medical Care.
Activity Index of the Tertiary Industry
The activity index of the tertiary industry helps to understand an overall picture of industrial activities, inclusive of all business categories in the tertiary industry. The composite index is a general indicator in which the indexes to express the activity in respective business categories are consolidated with weight in terms of the scale of relative importance of each business category (value added). The index is prepared by the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry every month.
The index indicates the quantitative aspect of industrial activities in the tertiary industry. It is difficult, however, to select, under a coherent conceptual principle, the data to be used in computing the index that represents entire industrial activities because statistical data have not been sufficiently developed in this field in comparison to the mining and manufacturing industry. Hence, priority is placed on quantitative data that indicate production in principle when data are selected to compute the index. When such data are not available, relevant data are selected as substitutes that may be conceivably and effectively used for such data.
The index is revised every five years.
2. Statistics in industry groups
Statistics concerning hairdressing (by ZENRIREN - National Federation of Hairdressing and Hygiene-related Unions)
Forty-seven prefectural Hairdressing and Hygiene-related Unions, which are organized by the owners of barbershops based upon the Law concerning the Optimization and Promotion of the Management of the Hygiene-related Business," constitute the ZENRIREN that is the only national organization in this field. Statistics are derived from the survey of barbershop management conducted by the Federation.
Survey concerning attorneys (Japan Federation of Bar Associations)
The Japan Federation of Bar Associations (JFBA) was founded in 1949 based on the Attorneys-at-Law Act, which was enacted in line with reforms in the judicial system subsequent to the end of World War II (1945) together with the promulgation of the Constitution of Japan. The JFBA is constituted of 52 Bar Associations in Japan, individual lawyers and solicitors for international legal affairs. An attorney is obligated to make registration in the JFBA when he joins a bar association. Statistics are derived from the publications issued by the JFBA.
Statistics concerning horse racing (Japan Racing Association)
The Japan Racing Association (JRA) is a government-affiliated corporation based on the Japan Racing Association Law. It is a quasi-governmental organization placed under the supervision of the Minister of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries. It is responsible for holding central horse races, implementing tests for the horse trainer's license and jockey's license and developing jockeys and racehorses. Statistics are derived from the publications issued by the JRA.